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Smartphone and 3G Stories

The Smartphone and 3G has evolved dramatically in just a few short years, which is why more and more people from all over the world are converting to the new technology. You should know the difference between units and models to get the most advantages, in terms of tools and applications. You can get ahead by learning more about the manufacturer and other advanced features that will function effectively for work and personal use.

The First Smartphone

The very first Smartphone was known as Simon, which was created and styled by IBM in 1992 and presented as a concept product at COMDEX. COMDEX is the computer industry trade show held in Las Vegas, Nevada. This was shown and launched to the public in 1993 and sold by BellSouth. Aside from being a mobile phone, Simon also featured a world clock, note pad, email, calculator, calendar, send and receive fax and games.

There are no physical buttons that allow you to dial. The customers, instead, use a touch screen to choose phone numbers with a finger or make memos and facsimiles with an optional stylus. Text was written via a unique on-screen predictive keyboard. As of the present standards, Simon becomes a low-end product. The feature at the time, however, was very modern.

The Nokia Age

Nokia released its first set of Smartphone’s, beginning with the Nokia Communicator line. The Nokia 9000 was the first of the bunch, launched in 1996. The unique palmtop computer type Smartphone was borne out of a combined effort of an early successful and pricey PDA model created by Hewlett Packard, plus Nokia’s bestselling phone at the same time. The early prototype models featured both devices organized using a hinge.

The Nokia 9210 was the first colour screen Communicator type that was considered as a real Smartphone, with an open operating system. The 9500 Communicator was the first camera phone Communicator and Nokia’s very first Wi-Fi phone. The 9300 Communicator is the 3-dimensional alternation into a smaller form factor.

The recent E90 Communicator involves GPS too. The Nokia Communicator model is outstanding and is the most expensive model sold by a main brand for almost the full lifespan of the series of models, immediately 20% and occasionally 40% pricier compared to the next most expensive Smartphone featured by other major manufacturers.

More Devices

One of the devices described and sold as a Smartphone was Ericsson R380. It, however, cannot run native third-party applications. Even though Nokia 9210 is one of the very first true Smartphone’s having an operating system, Nokia still constantly refer to it as a Communicator. RIM launched and released the first BlackBerry in 2001. It was defined as the first Smartphone enhanced for wireless email use, achieving over 8 million customers in just a few years. Three-fourth of the total belongs to North America.

More Nokia Releases

The Nokia 7650 was announced in 2001, and was referred to as a smart phone in the media. The Nokia support site also refers to it as a Smartphone. The press release, however, refers to it as an imaging phone. Handspring also presented the first widely famous Smartphone tools and gadgets in the United States by joining a GSM phone module with Palm OS based Visor PDA. Nokia launched the N-series of 3G Smartphone’s in 2005. These were marketed as multimedia computers, instead of mobile phones.

IT and Nigeria’s 2020 Goals

For a country that missed its second industrial revolution to a chaotic political and economic history, it is a potentially grave prognosis. Nigeria now runs the very real risk of failing to achieve what historians call the third industrial revolution: of computerised digital technology, telecommunications and the internet, which have collectively altered every aspect of life and living. There is no denying that ICTs can spike development and eventually help improve the condition of individual lives. Developing economies that fail to register on the Networked World can therefore only fall into progressively deeper grades of underdevelopment and poverty.

This is precisely the fate Nigeria rejected while adopting the ambitious 2020 goals, a radical blueprint intended to jumpstart growth and establish the country as both a regional and global economic powerhouse. Nigeria’s considerable oil wealth was squandered over decades of civil war and military takeovers, inept governance and corruption that brought it to the brink of economic disintegration. Deficient public investments spawned endemic poverty and decimated traditional livelihoods and economies. The transition to civilian rule in 1999 opened the doors to much-needed reforms and a redrawing of national priorities. No longer content with its third-world heritage, Abuja approved plans for accelerated and sustainable development in a time-bound manner. Its existing IT infrastructure and initiatives however continue to be far less than adequate.

In fact the whole of Western Africa suffers from endemic ‘information poverty’, and Nigeria is certainly no exception. While credible, current data is largely inadequate or absent, the records are unanimous about the country receiving its first digital computer in 1963. Installations remained low even after many individual universities, government departments and public sector undertakings had acquired some amount of computing power towards the end of the 1970s. While the number of internet service providers (ISPs) and cyber caf├ęs mounted over the years, IT development received meagre official stimulus in the last century. Abuja in fact had no IT policy until 2001, when it finally instituted the National IT Development Agency on a $28 million grant. Tasked with making Nigeria “a key player in the Information society”, the agency has been widely criticised for ineffectiveness and failure to align with other national policies.

The synonymy of digital expansion and economic development is an obvious inference in this case. Nigeria’s IT potential has been significantly underachieved, and consequently, its efforts to drive rapid enterprise development across sectors have failed to deliver to expected levels. The country’s long-term development targets are contingent to a large extent on its IT capabilities, but this challenge is also an opportunity.

As of 2001, there were well over 500,000 business operating across the country, engaged in manufacturing, services, retail and wholesale. Most of these companies stand to benefit from IT products, services, or training. Nigerian software developers stand to both contribute to and gain immensely from this situation. The growth curve for indigenously-developed IT is potentially steep.

Although there is hardly any empirical data in support, Abuja insists proactive policies, especially those taken since 2000, have spiked IT percolation and application in diverse sectors. That there is some truth in the claim is borne out by a visible spurt in internet accessibility (through a mushrooming of cyber cafes, especially in urban centres) and the increasing popularity of web-based services like e-banking and online advertising. The following are some of the notably encouraging developments for Nigerian IT so far:

o Nigeria signed the Regional African Satellite Communications Organisation for multimedia telecommunications services in 2001, visibly increasing government participation in IT.
o The Nigerian Telecom Company (NITEL) a government-owned monopoly was privatised in 2006 to encourage private-sector participation and innovation in IT and communications.
o Multinational corporations have led the way in introducing online banking operations that have begun to catch on with resident and expatriate Nigerians.
o E-commerce initiatives in the B2B and B2C segments have been running successfully, even if most of the IT content and equipment has had to be entirely imported.

By themselves, these measures are evidently not enough to promote IT as a growth fundamental. Nigeria has to take up a raft of coordinated initiatives in order to meet its IT obligations, and more importantly, to drive and capitalise on the digital revolution. The most pressing requirements in this connection are:

o Improving the telecommunications infrastructure, upgrading communication techniques and improving the reach of mobile and fixed-line telephony services across rural and urban areas.
o Enhancing basic computer skills and advanced IT education through a structured overhaul of the education system; specific focus on tertiary institutions offering engineering programmes.
o Patronising indigenous software over imports, funding research and promoting private and public sector cooperation for innovation and enterprise in the IT sector.
o Developing sound policies that propagate IT as a crucial component of business culture; fostering IT-enabled practices as a means of governance and administrative optimisation.
o Active promotion of procedures that introduce computerisation and IT to the industrial process, through use of advanced digital technologies and office automation systems.

For Nigeria to tap its enterprise potential in time for the 2020 goals requires a massive reinvigoration and rationalisation of its IT development initiatives. Abuja must realise the importance of developing entrepreneurial capability in the IT sector to ensure inclusive growth and sustainability. Provided it is suitably adjusted to ground realities, a digital revolution undoubtedly holds the key to poverty eradication by enabling extensive business development and wealth creation. The challenge before Nigeria today is essentially the use of IT and communication technologies in a manner that accords the widest benefits from, and contributions to, the digital world.

SIP Softphone – What is it and What is Special About It?

A Softphone is a software application that is used to make phone calls over internet that works based on VoIP. It is a virtual telephone without any requirement of separate hardware and it can be used by plugging just the headset to the sound card of our computer.

SIP stands for Session Initiation Protocol which is a set of rules that can be adopted in order to initiate a connection between two applications on different computers. It can also be adopted for dynamic interactions such as to modify or terminate the connections among different computer applications over the internet. Different computers on the internet use different applications and operating systems, hence SIP is important in order to establish a connection between such applications. If those applications are based on SIP then they can dynamically connect and interact with each other and one of best examples for this would be that of Video Conferencing. SIP is ubiquitous in controlling communication through multimedia such as video and voice signals which are being transferred based on Internet Protocol.

An SIP based softphone is an application where voice signals are controlled as per Session Initiation Protocol. You can easily understand the importance of rules of grammar in English language. Similarly, SIP serves the purpose of establishing a standard for controlling communication among two or more applications. With the use of softphone, you can make free calls to the same application on other computers by making use of Internet Telephony Service Provider (ITSP).

One of the very popular softphone that you might have already used is Google Talk but it is based on a different protocol called Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP). Hence, Google Talk cannot be used to make calls to SIP based applications. SIP based devices or applications are very popular in commercial market and applications are based on Session Initiation Protocol for business purposes in general.